1855 Colton Map Of India Geographicus Indiacolton1855

1855 Colton Map Of India Geographicus Indiacolton1855

Key Takeaways

  • The 1855 Colton Map of India, also known as Geographicus Indiacolton1855, provides a detailed representation of India during that time period.
  • This map showcases the geographical features, regions, cities, and political boundaries of India in 1855.
  • It offers valuable insights into the historical context, boundaries, and territorial divisions of India during the mid-19th century.


The 1855 Colton Map of India, also referred to as Geographicus Indiacolton1855, was created by Joseph Hutchins Colton, one of the most renowned cartographers of the 19th century. Published in New York in 1855, this map offers a fascinating glimpse into the geography and political divisions of India during that time.

During the mid-19th century, India was under British colonial rule, and the map reflects the presence and influence of the British Empire in the region. It displays British India, which consisted of areas directly administered by the British, as well as numerous princely states that enjoyed varying degrees of autonomy under British suzerainty.

The map showcases the major regions and cities of India, including the mountainous regions of the Himalayas in the north and the Deccan Plateau in the south. It also depicts the various rivers, lakes, and other significant geographical features of the country. The political boundaries of different provinces and states are clearly delineated, providing valuable historical context.

Additionally, the map highlights the major transportation routes, such as roads, railways, and waterways, which were crucial for trade and communication during that era. This feature offers insights into the infrastructure and connectivity of India in the 19th century.

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Unique Insights

  • The map displays the extensive railway network that was gradually expanding across India during this period. This reflects the British Empire’s efforts to improve transportation and facilitate trade.
  • It showcases the strategic location of key ports and harbors along India’s coastline, highlighting the importance of maritime commerce and British naval control in the region.
  • The map demonstrates the political fragmentation of India into various princely states, each with its own local ruler. This illustrates the complexity of governance and administration during the colonial period.
  • It provides a visual representation of the diverse terrain and geographical features of India, including the vast plains, mountain ranges, and coastal regions.
  • This map also serves as a historical document, showing the influence and territorial extent of the British Empire in India during the 1850s.

Table of Relevant Facts

Year Event
1850 The Great Trigonometrical Survey of India, initiated in the early 19th century, continues to map and measure various parts of the country.
1853 The first railway line is opened in India, connecting Bombay (Mumbai) with Thane.
1854 James Broun-Ramsay, Marquess of Dalhousie, becomes the Governor-General of India and undertakes various administrative reforms.
1857 The Indian Rebellion, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, breaks out, leading to significant political and social upheaval in India.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the significance of the 1855 Colton Map of India?

The map provides a detailed representation of India during the mid-19th century and offers insights into the geography, political divisions, and historical context of the region under British colonial rule.

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2. Who created the 1855 Colton Map of India?

The map was created by Joseph Hutchins Colton, a renowned 19th-century cartographer.

3. What are some unique features of the map?

The map showcases the railway network, major cities, geographic landmarks, and political boundaries of India during that time period.

4. What insights can be gained from the 1855 Colton Map of India?

The map provides insights into the British Empire’s influence, the political fragmentation of India, the diverse terrain, and the strategic importance of ports.

5. Were there any significant events occurring during the mid-19th century in India?

Yes, notable events during that time include the Great Trigonometrical Survey, the opening of the first railway line, administrative reforms by the Governor-General, and the Indian Rebellion.

6. How does the map reflect the British Empire’s presence in India?

The map displays British India, princely states under British suzerainty, and highlights the strategic ports and railways established by the British.

7. Is the 1855 Colton Map of India still relevant today?

While the map primarily represents historical information, it serves as a valuable resource for studying the colonial period in Indian history and understanding the region’s geographic and political context.

External Links

List of LSI Keywords

  • Colton map of India
  • 1855 India map
  • Geographicus Indiacolton1855
  • Joseph Hutchins Colton
  • British Empire in India
  • Railway network in 19th-century India
  • Political divisions of India in 1855
  • British colonial rule in India
  • 1850s India
  • Indian Rebellion

Maps. Maps. Maps.