India Bihar Location Map

India Bihar Location Map

India Bihar Location Map

Key Takeaways

  • Bihar is a state in northeastern India.
  • The India Bihar Location Map showcases the geographical location of Bihar within India.
  • Bihar is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and contributions to ancient and modern India.
  • The state is home to various important religious sites and historical landmarks.
  • Exploring Bihar through the India Bihar Location Map can provide valuable insights into its geographical significance.


Bihar has a long and illustrious history that dates back to ancient times. It has witnessed the rise and fall of several empires and has played a pivotal role in shaping India’s cultural and intellectual heritage. The ancient kingdom of Magadha, centered around modern Bihar, was one of the first major Mahajanapadas (republics) in ancient India.

During the Mauryan Empire (322 BCE – 185 BCE), Bihar reached its zenith of political and cultural importance. It was the capital region of the empire under the reign of Emperor Ashoka, who famously embraced Buddhism after the bloody Kalinga War.

Over the centuries, Bihar saw the rule of various dynasties, including the Guptas, Palas, and the Bihar Shahi dynasty. The region has also been a significant center for learning, with the ancient Nalanda University attracting students from all over the world.

In more recent history, Bihar played a crucial role in India’s independence movement, with prominent leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Rajendra Prasad, and Jayaprakash Narayan emerging from the state.

Unique Insights

  • Bihar is home to the famous Bodh Gaya, the place where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.
  • The state is known for its vibrant festivals, including Chhath Puja, which is dedicated to the Sun God.
  • Bihar is characterized by diverse geographical features, including the fertile Gangetic plains in the north and the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the south.
  • The Gandhi Setu, also known as the Ganga Bridge, connects Patna (the capital of Bihar) to Hajipur and is one of the longest river bridges in India.
  • The state is renowned for its Madhubani paintings, a traditional art form that originated in Bihar and showcases intricate patterns and vibrant colors.
  • Bihar has significant archaeological sites, such as Rajgir, where ancient ruins and Buddhist stupas can be explored.
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Relevant Facts about Bihar

Year Event
1950 BCE Magadh kingdom was established, laying the foundation of ancient Bihar.
6th Century BCE Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya in Bihar.
4th Century BCE Nalanda University, one of the world’s first residential universities, was founded in Bihar.
3rd Century BCE Ashoka the Great embraced Buddhism after the Kalinga War and erected numerous pillars with his edicts across Bihar.
1540 CE Sher Shah Suri, a prominent ruler, established the Sur Empire with Bihar as its capital.
1947 CE India gained independence from British rule, with Bihar becoming a part of the newly-formed Indian republic.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the importance of Bihar in Indian history?

Bihar has played a critical role in Indian history, witnessing the rise and fall of ancient empires, hosting renowned centers of learning, and being a catalyst for India’s independence movement.

2. Where is Bihar located in India?

Bihar is situated in the eastern part of India, bordering Nepal and various Indian states like Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

3. What are the major attractions in Bihar?

Bihar is home to several important attractions, including historic sites like Bodh Gaya, Nalanda University, Rajgir, and religious sites like Mahabodhi Temple and Patna Sahib Gurudwara.

4. Are there any famous festivals celebrated in Bihar?

Yes, Bihar celebrates several vibrant festivals, with Chhath Puja being one of the most notable ones, dedicated to the Sun God.

5. What is unique about Bihar’s cultural heritage?

Bihar’s cultural heritage is enriched with various art forms like Madhubani painting, Manjusha art, and folk dances like Jat-Jatin and Jhumar.

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6. What is the best time to visit Bihar?

The winter season (October to February) is generally considered the best time to visit Bihar, as the weather is pleasant for exploring the historical and natural attractions.

7. How can I reach Bihar?

Bihar is well-connected by air, rail, and road. The state has several airports, and major cities like Patna have railway stations with regular train services.

External Links

List of LSI Keywords

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  • Religious sites in Bihar
  • Bihar culture and heritage
  • Famous attractions in Bihar
  • Travel to Bihar

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