Caspian Sea Map

Key Takeaways

  • The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth, bordered by five countries.
  • The Caspian Sea map provides essential information about the depth, coastline, and surrounding areas.
  • It is a vital resource for maritime navigation, environmental studies, and geopolitics.


The Caspian Sea has been a significant and fascinating region throughout history. Let’s dive into its historical background and its importance for different civilizations.

Ancient Civilizations

The Caspian Sea region was inhabited by various ancient civilizations, including the Persians, Greeks, Parthians, and Scythians. It served as a critical trade route connecting East and West, facilitating cultural and commercial exchanges.

Medieval Period

During the medieval period, the Caspian Sea played a crucial role in the rise of the Silk Road. Merchants from Europe and Asia utilized the sea’s vast coastline and ports for trade, allowing goods and ideas to flow between civilizations.

Modern Era

In the modern era, the Caspian Sea has become a strategic region due to its vast energy reserves. It is rich in oil and natural gas, making it an area of significant interest for global powers and energy companies.

Unique Insights

Exploring the Caspian Sea map reveals several unique insights about the region:

  • The Caspian Sea is technically not a sea but a lake because it is landlocked.
  • It is bordered by five countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Azerbaijan.
  • The coastline of the Caspian Sea stretches over 7,000 kilometers (4,350 miles) and encompasses diverse landscapes.
  • Several rivers, including the Volga, Ural, and Kura, flow into the Caspian Sea, impacting its ecosystem and biodiversity.
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Relevant Facts

Year Event
1921 The Soviet Union gains control over the entire eastern shoreline of the Caspian Sea.
1991 The collapse of the Soviet Union leads to the emergence of new independent states bordering the Caspian Sea.
1996 The “Aktau Declaration” between the five Caspian littoral states lays the groundwork for resolving legal issues concerning the sea.
2018 The Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea is signed, ensuring cooperation and shared use of resources.


1. Is the Caspian Sea connected to any ocean?

No, the Caspian Sea is a landlocked body of water.

2. Are there any endangered species in the Caspian Sea?

Yes, the Caspian Seal is an endangered species native to the region.

3. Can the Caspian Sea be considered a lake or a sea?

While called a sea, the Caspian Sea is technically a lake because it is landlocked.

4. What is the main source of pollution in the Caspian Sea?

Pollution in the Caspian Sea mainly comes from oil extraction activities, industrial waste, and agricultural runoff.

5. Are there any major ports along the Caspian Sea coast?

Yes, the Caspian Sea is home to several crucial ports, including Baku in Azerbaijan and Turkmenbashi in Turkmenistan.

6. What countries have disputes over the Caspian Sea?

The countries surrounding the Caspian Sea have had disputes over issues like maritime borders and resource sharing. Negotiations have led to agreements on these matters.

7. How deep is the Caspian Sea?

The Caspian Sea is classified as both the world’s largest lake by area and the world’s largest inland body of water by volume. Its maximum depth is approximately 1,025 meters (3,363 feet).

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External Links

LSI Keywords

  • Caspian Sea depth
  • Caspian Sea coastline
  • Caspian Sea geography
  • Ancient civilizations Caspian Sea
  • Caspian Sea oil reserves
  • Trade routes Caspian Sea
  • Caspian Sea biodiversity
  • Caspian Sea energy resources

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