India Geographic Map

India Geographic Map

India Geographic Map

Key Takeaways

  • India’s geographic map showcases the diverse topography and vast expanse of the country.
  • The map helps in understanding India’s geographical features, such as mountains, rivers, and plains.
  • It highlights the spatial distribution of states, cities, and important landmarks across the country.
  • India’s geographic map is an essential tool for researchers, planners, and those interested in exploring the country’s geography.
  • Exploring India through its map fosters a deeper understanding of its cultural and environmental diversity.


India’s geographic map has a rich history tracing back to ancient times. Mapping techniques in India began with the use of palm leaf manuscripts and later evolved with advancements in technology.

The Bengaluru-based Survey of India, established in 1767, played a significant role in mapping the country. During the British colonial period, detailed surveying and mapping of India’s terrain was carried out to aid administration and revenue collection.

Post-independence, the Indian government continued the mapping legacy and focused on cartographic advancements. The Survey of India, along with various state agencies, worked together to create accurate and up-to-date maps of the country.

Unique Insights

The India geographic map presents several unique insights into the country’s geography. Some of these insights include:

  • India is home to diverse physical features, including the towering Himalayas in the north, the fertile Gangetic plains, the arid Thar Desert, and the expansive coastal regions.
  • Rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, and Godavari dominate the landscape, providing lifelines to millions of people.
  • The map showcases major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bengaluru, each with their unique cultural and economic significance.
  • State boundaries and their spatial distribution are clearly depicted, highlighting the political divisions within the country.
  • Landmarks like the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and many more are prominently shown, representing India’s rich historical and architectural heritage.
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Table of Relevant Facts

Year Event
1767 Establishment of the Survey of India
1856 Great Trigonometric Survey initiated
1947 Indian independence; mapping continued by the Indian government
1956 Creation of state agencies for mapping
2005 Launch of digital mapping programs


  1. What are the major physical features of India?

    India is known for its diverse physical features including the Himalayas, Gangetic plains, Thar Desert, and coastal regions.

  2. What rivers run through India?

    India is blessed with several rivers including the Ganges, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, and Godavari, among others.

  3. Which cities are shown on the map?

    Major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bengaluru are prominently shown on the map.

  4. What landmarks are depicted on the map?

    Landmarks such as the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and more are depicted, showcasing India’s historical and architectural heritage.

  5. Where can I obtain a physical copy of the map?

    The Survey of India and various government agencies provide physical copies of the India geographic map. They are also available in many bookstores and online map retailers.

  6. Can the map be used for educational purposes?

    Yes, the India geographic map is an excellent resource for educational purposes. It helps students understand the country’s geography, states, and important landmarks.

  7. How often is the map updated?

    The map is regularly updated to reflect any changes in state boundaries, new infrastructure developments, and other geographic changes.

External Links

LSI Keywords

  • India geographic map
  • Indian geography
  • Survey of India
  • Physical features of India
  • Major rivers in India
  • Cities in India
  • Landmarks of India
  • India’s cartographic advancements
  • State boundaries in India
  • Exploring India through its map
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Maps. Maps. Maps.