Map Of Turkish Forces At Gallipoli April 1915 Kemalshq

Map Of Turkish Forces At Gallipoli April 1915 Kemalshq

Map Of Turkish Forces At Gallipoli April 1915 Kemalshq

Key Takeaways

  • The Map of Turkish Forces at Gallipoli in April 1915 provides crucial insights into the military situation during World War I.
  • It highlights the strategic positions held by Turkish forces and gives an overview of their defensive strategies.
  • This map showcases the significance of the Gallipoli Campaign and its impact on the overall war effort.
  • By studying this map, historians and military enthusiasts can gain a deeper understanding of the challenges faced by both sides during the conflict.


The Map of Turkish Forces at Gallipoli April 1915, also known as the Kemalshq map, is a cartographic representation of the Turkish military positions during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. The campaign took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula in the Ottoman Empire (modern-day Turkey) between April 1915 and January 1916.

The map was created by Turkish military officers to document the defensive positions of the Turkish forces led by Lieutenant Colonel Mustafa Kemal, who later became known as Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey. It served as a crucial tool for the Turkish commanders to strategize and manage their troops effectively.

During the Gallipoli Campaign, Turkish forces successfully defended the peninsula against the Allied forces, which included troops from Australia, New Zealand, Britain, and France. The Turkish army utilized the rugged terrain and their knowledge of the area to their advantage, making it extremely challenging for the Allies to make any significant progress.

Unique Insights

  • The map reveals the intricate network of trenches, fortifications, and defensive lines constructed by the Turkish forces to repel the Allied attacks.
  • It demonstrates the strategic placement of artillery batteries and machine-gun positions that allowed Turkish forces to control key points on the peninsula.
  • The map highlights the topography of the region, including hills, cliffs, and narrow valleys, which played a crucial role in shaping the course of the battle.
  • By analyzing the map, one can understand the challenges faced by the Allies in attempting to overcome the formidable Turkish defenses.
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Table of Relevant Facts – Gallipoli Campaign Timeline

Date Event
February 19, 1915 British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles begins
April 25, 1915 ANZAC forces land on the Gallipoli Peninsula
April 28, 1915 Turkish counterattacks push ANZAC forces back
August 6, 1915 August Offensive launched by the Allies with the aim to break the stalemate
November 26, 1915 Evacuation of Allied forces from Suvla Bay and ANZAC Cove begin
December 20, 1915 Evacuation of Allied forces completed
January 9, 1916 Evacuation of Allied forces from Cape Helles completed, marking the end of the Gallipoli Campaign


1. What was the significance of the Gallipoli Campaign?

The Gallipoli Campaign was significant as it aimed to secure control of the Dardanelles, a strategic strait connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. It was intended to open up an Allied supply route to Russia, relieve pressure on the Eastern Front, and potentially knock the Ottoman Empire out of the war.

2. How did the terrain influence the battle at Gallipoli?

The rugged and hilly terrain of the Gallipoli Peninsula made the campaign highly challenging for both sides. The steep cliffs, narrow valleys, and dense vegetation created a natural fortress that the Turkish forces utilized to their advantage. The terrain restricted the movement of troops and hindered the progress of the Allies.

3. Who were the main opponents in the Gallipoli Campaign?

The main opponents in the Gallipoli Campaign were the Allied forces consisting of troops from Australia, New Zealand, Britain, and France on one side, and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) on the other side.

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4. How long did the Gallipoli Campaign last?

The Gallipoli Campaign lasted from April 25, 1915, to January 9, 1916, a total of approximately nine months.

5. Who was Mustafa Kemal, and what was his role in the Gallipoli Campaign?

Mustafa Kemal, later known as Atatürk, was a Turkish military officer who played a significant role in the defense of the Gallipoli Peninsula. He successfully led the Turkish forces and became a prominent figure in the Turkish War of Independence. Kemal’s actions during the Gallipoli Campaign contributed to his rise as a revered leader and the founding father of modern Turkey.

6. Were there any significant outcomes of the Gallipoli Campaign?

The Gallipoli Campaign did not achieve its intended objectives for the Allies. It resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and ultimately ended in an Allied withdrawal. However, the campaign had substantial consequences, shaping the national identity and collective memory of Australia, New Zealand, and Turkey, where it is commemorated to this day.

7. Is the Map of Turkish Forces at Gallipoli April 1915 available for public viewing?

Yes, the Map of Turkish Forces at Gallipoli April 1915, also known as the Kemalshq map, is available for public viewing in various museums, online archives, and educational institutions focused on World War I history.

External Links

LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing) Keywords from the Article

  • Gallipoli World War I
  • Kemalshq map
  • Turkish forces
  • Defensive positions
  • Gallipoli Campaign
  • Mustafa Kemal
  • Atatürk
  • Allied forces
  • ANZAC forces
  • Trenches and fortifications
  • Rugged terrain
  • Strategic positions
  • Artillery batteries
  • Machine-gun positions
  • Challenges faced by Allies
  • Gallipoli Peninsula
  • Suvla Bay
  • Dardanelles
  • Ottoman Empire
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