Iberian Peninsula Location Map

Iberian Peninsula Location Map

Key Takeaways

  • The Iberian Peninsula is located in southwestern Europe, encompassing Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar.
  • It has a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural landscapes.
  • The Iberian Peninsula’s strategic location makes it a significant trade and transportation hub.
  • Exploring this map will give you a better understanding of the geography and relationship between various countries in the region.
  • The Iberian Peninsula has a variety of LSI keywords related to its geography, history, culture, and tourism.


The history of the Iberian Peninsula is long and fascinating. The region has been inhabited by various ancient civilizations, including the Celts, Phoenicians, Romans, Visigoths, and Moors. The Moors, an Islamic civilization, had a significant influence on the peninsula for several centuries.

In 1492, the Catholic Monarchs completed the Reconquista, where they reclaimed the entire peninsula from the Moors, establishing the Kingdom of Spain. This event marked a turning point in the region’s history and set the stage for Spain’s exploration and colonization of the Americas.

Over the centuries, the Iberian Peninsula experienced political and territorial changes, wars, and periods of prosperity and decline. Today, it is home to two countries, Spain and Portugal, both with their own distinct cultures, languages, and traditions.

Unique Insights

Here are some unique insights about the Iberian Peninsula:

  1. The Iberian Peninsula is the second largest peninsula in Europe, covering an area of approximately 582,000 square kilometers.
  2. The Pyrenees mountain range acts as a natural border between Spain and France.
  3. The Iberian Peninsula is known for its stunning coastline, which stretches for over 3,000 kilometers, offering beautiful beaches and charming coastal towns.
  4. Economically, the region is known for its agricultural products, including olives, wine, citrus fruits, and cork.
  5. The famous Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan, began his circumnavigation of the globe from the Iberian Peninsula in the 16th century.
  6. The Camino de Santiago, a popular pilgrimage route, starts in the Pyrenees and ends in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
  7. The region has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters, making it an attractive destination for tourists.
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Table of Relevant Facts

Year Event
711 The Moors conquer the Iberian Peninsula.
1492 The Catholic Monarchs complete the Reconquista.
1580 The Iberian Union unifies Spain and Portugal under the same monarch.
1808 The start of the Peninsular War against Napoleon’s forces.
1975 Spain transitions to democracy after the death of Francisco Franco.


1. What countries are part of the Iberian Peninsula?

The Iberian Peninsula includes Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar.

2. Is the Iberian Peninsula a popular tourist destination?

Yes, the Iberian Peninsula attracts millions of tourists each year due to its rich history, diverse culture, picturesque landscapes, and beautiful coastline.

3. Are there any notable landmarks in the Iberian Peninsula?

Yes, the peninsula is home to several notable landmarks, including the Alhambra in Granada, Spain, and the Tower of Belém in Lisbon, Portugal.

4. Can I explore the Iberian Peninsula by road?

Absolutely! The region has excellent road infrastructure, making it convenient to explore by car. It allows you to visit multiple cities and towns at your own pace.

5. Are there any UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Iberian Peninsula?

Yes, there are numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the region, such as the Historic City of Toledo in Spain and the Historic Center of Évora in Portugal.

6. What is the best time to visit the Iberian Peninsula?

The best time to visit the Iberian Peninsula is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is pleasant, and tourist crowds are relatively smaller.

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7. Is it easy to access the Iberian Peninsula from other European countries?

Yes, the peninsula is well-connected by air, rail, and sea, making it easily accessible from other European countries.

External Links

Here are some helpful external links to learn more about the Iberian Peninsula:

List of LSI Keywords

  • Iberian Peninsula geography
  • Iberian Peninsula map
  • Iberian Peninsula history
  • Iberian Peninsula culture
  • Iberian Peninsula tourism
  • Spain and Portugal
  • Iberian Union
  • Camino de Santiago
  • Reconquista
  • Moorish influence

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